Deficiency or deficiency of healthy red blood cells can cause the body to become anemic. This condition can inhibit oxygen intake throughout the body and the removal of carbon dioxide from the lung cells.
When red blood cell deficiency occurs, symptoms that are generally felt such as weakness, fatigue, dizziness and shortness of breath. You who experience this need to eat nutritious foods so that the production of red blood cells increases.
Causes of Red Blood Cell Deficiency
In the body, red blood cells are produced regularly, precisely in the bone marrow. Red blood cells contain iron-rich protein. This protein is called hemoglobin. This protein gives the blood red color.
Hemoglobin carries oxygen from the lungs and then delivers it throughout the body. Hemoglobin also allows red blood cells to take carbon dioxide from other parts of the body and carry it to the lungs to be excreted through the external respiratory organs.
Production of red blood cells that are lacking or damaged red blood cells in large numbers and blood loss can cause anemia.
When the body cannot produce enough red blood cells, there are two possible causes:
- First, the production of red blood cells that can be caused by genetic factors from the elderly. if you inherit it, from birth your body is likely to produce red blood cells which is called an inherited anemia.
- Second, you were born in a body condition with the ability to produce normal red blood cells. However, due to certain conditions, the production of red blood cells is less than normal size. This condition is called ‘acquired’ anemia. Groups of people who are at higher risk of experiencing this condition include women who are menstruating excessively, people with cancer, bleeding in the urinary tract or digestive tract. In addition, anemia can be experienced by pregnant women, people whose hormone levels are not normal, and people who have poor diet.
How to Overcome the Red Blood Cell Deficiency
To overcome the deficiency of red blood cells, you can consume various kinds of nutrients that can increase the production of red blood cells. These nutrients include:
Folic / Folic Acid
Consumption of foods rich in iron can help increase red blood cell production. Not only that, iron also plays a role in maintaining healthy nail cells, hair and skin.
For the benefits of iron to be obtained, make sure that your daily intake of iron is adequate. For children aged 1-3 years for example the daily iron requirement that must be met is 7 mg. Children aged 4-13 years need about 8-10 mg of iron per day. While men aged 19-50 years need 8 mg per day and women of the same age need about 18 mg of iron per day. The need for iron in women will increase when menstruation occurs.
So that your daily iron needs are met properly, you can consume foods that contain iron. These foods include shellfish, oysters, chicken livers, beef, chicken, tuna, salmon, spinach, and beans.
To overcome red blood cell deficiency, it is recommended to take vitamin B12. This vitamin is not only needed in the formation of red blood cells, but also is needed for nerve and brain development. Everyone’s need for vitamin B12 is different because it depends on their age.
Infants aged 0-12 months for example, need vitamin B12 around 0.4-0.5 mcg per day. Toddlers aged 1-3 years need 0.5 mcg per day and children aged 4-13 years need vitamin B 12 around 1.2-1.8 mcg per day. Above that age, the need for vitamin B12 per day is 2.4 mcg. As for pregnant and breastfeeding women, the need for vitamin B12 is in the range of 2.6-2.8 mcg per day.
To meet the needs of vitamin B12, you can eat foods such as fish, meat, and dairy products, such as cheese and yogurt.
Folate or folic acid is a B vitamin which has an important role in the formation of red blood cells. To support the formation of red blood cells, you must meet the needs of folate or folic acid properly according to age.
In infants aged 0-12 months, the daily folate requirement is in the range of 65-80 mcg. Children aged 1-8 years need folate intake of 150-200 mcg per day. While children aged 9-13 years folate needs to be met is 300 mcg per day. Above that age, the need for folic acid per day is 400 mcg. While for pregnant and lactating women, their daily need for folic acid is in the range of 500-600 mcg.
Folic acid or folic acid intake can not only be obtained from supplements, but can also be obtained from broccoli, spinach, bread, fruit juices, cereals, nuts, melons, bananas, and lemons.
Eating nutritious and nutritious food must be done so that red blood cell deficiency can be overcome properly. However, if this has been done but the symptoms of lack of blood cells are still experienced, immediately consult a doctor for proper treatment.