When entering the change of seasons, it is advisable to increase efforts to maintain health and environmental cleanliness, so you can avoid various diseases of the transition season. At the time of changing the dry season to the rainy season, there are several types of diseases that can strike you and your family.
Children under five years old (under five years old) are among those who are susceptible to contracting the virus during the transition season, although it does not rule out infecting adults.
Types of Transmission Season Diseases
Here are some of the higher risks of viral infections in the transition season:
Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF)
Respiratory tract infections
During the transition season, especially in the early part of the rainy season, cases of dengue fever or DHF in various regions have increased. In 2014, dengue cases can be found in almost all provinces in Indonesia. This may be caused by the dengue virus can survive in tropical climates and increasingly develop during the rainy season.
DHF is transmitted through the bite of a mosquito infected by the dengue virus. Symptoms of dengue include sudden high fever, severe headaches, pain in the back of the eye, muscle and joint pain, weakness, nausea, vomiting, easy bruising, appearance of spots on the skin, to mild bleeding around the gums and nose . What needs to be watched out for is complications from DHF, namely heavy bleeding, shock, to death.
To reduce the risk of DHF exposure, it is important to prevent the development of mosquito populations. This can be done by removing items that can become mosquito breeding grounds, such as cans, pots or old tires that hold rainwater. Do not forget to clean the bathtub or pet drink area regularly, and close it tightly.
Chikungunya symptoms at a glance almost similar to dengue fever. When this transition season is suffered, high fever and joint pain will be experienced. Other symptoms, such as headaches, muscle aches, nausea, rashes, and fatigue, may also be felt. Generally, these symptoms will disappear by themselves in a period of time
In elderly people who have a history of other diseases and also in newborns, chikungunya disease with more severe symptoms can occur. Although rarely cause death, severe symptoms can cause temporary paralysis.
Actually there is no special treatment for chikungunya. Your doctor may give you medicines that can help relieve fever and joint pain. For recovery, you are advised to get enough rest and consume lots of water to prevent it
To reduce the risk of chikungunya, the same steps in preventing DHF can also be done.
Similar to DHF and chikungunya, the zika virus spreads through mosquito bites, but can also be transmitted through sexual contact and blood transfusions. The zika virus can be transmitted by pregnant women to the fetus and can cause babies to suffer from microcephaly (the baby’s head is smaller than
When this transition season is suffered, you will experience fever, joint pain, headaches, rashes, itching all over the body, red eyes, muscle aches, back pain, to pain in the back of the eye.
These symptoms usually occur around seven days and will disappear by itself. You are advised to get enough rest and consume lots of water to relieve the symptoms that arise.
Based on a study, lower respiratory tract infections caused by viruses occur most in the rainy season. This disease is most common in children under five, because the children’s immune system is not yet fully formed.
Like upper respiratory tract infections, symptoms of lower respiratory tract infections are coughing. It’s just that the cough that occurs is more severe and sometimes accompanied by phlegm and phlegm. Other symptoms that may be experienced are shortness of breath, increased frequency of breathing, feeling of tightness in the chest, or wheezing when breathing. Lower respiratory tract infections can be bronchitis, pneumonia, and bronchiolitis.
This respiratory tract infection is transmitted through saliva splashes that contain viruses, when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It can also be with indirect contact through the surface of objects that have been contaminated with the virus from the sprinkling of saliva or the touch of an infected person’s hand. One effective way to prevent it is to maintain cleanliness and diligent hand washing.
Based on a study of influenza or flu viruses that affect children, it is known that the most cases occur during the rainy season, including in Indonesia. This virus will attack the nose, throat and lungs.
In general, the flu can heal by itself. But in children under five, especially children under 2 years old, and elderly over 65 years, this transition season disease can cause dangerous complications.
You need to get enough rest and consume lots of water to ease the flu symptoms. In certain cases, your doctor will recommend antiviral drugs to treat the flu. Meanwhile, to prevent getting infected with influenza virus, you can do vaccinations that can be repeated every year.
Although generally transitional diseases are not dangerous, it is better to take preventive measures, such as implementing clean living and keeping the environment clean. This aims to reduce the risk of contracting various diseases that often arise in the transition season.