Maybe you’ve been late for a period, then a pregnancy test and the results are negative. This might happen, because being late for periods does not always indicate pregnancy. There are several other conditions that can also make you late for your period.
In addition to pregnancy, the natural causes of late menstruation are breastfeeding and menopause. You don’t need to worry, because this condition is normal. However, if you are not breastfeeding and are not approaching menopause, the following conditions should be used to watch out for.
Recognize the Cause of Late Coming
The following are some conditions other than pregnancy that can cause late menstruation:
1. Unhealthy lifestyle
Unhealthy lifestyle factors, such as lack of rest, poor nutrition, being overweight or low weight, and extreme diets, can interfere with the function of hormones in your body. This can then disrupt your menstrual cycle and cause late menstruation.
In addition, late menstruation also occurs due to stress and abnormal hormonal changes in women who have eating disorders, such as anorexia or bulimia.
2. Hormonal imbalance in the body
Late menstruation is closely related to hormonal imbalances. Unbalanced hormones can be caused by polycystic ovary syndrome, thyroid disease, and early menopause. In addition, medical conditions underlying hormonal imbalances can be in the form of pituitary gland tumors in the brain.
3. Use of contraception
In addition to the above conditions and diseases, hormonal imbalances can also occur in women who use hormonal contraceptives. Examples are contraceptives that are injected, implanted, or taken pills.
It can take several days to several weeks for menstruation to return to normal after stopping using contraception.
4. Consumption of certain drugs
Some types of drugs can make you late for your period, such as chemotherapy drugs for cancer, antidepressant drugs, antipsychotic drugs, allergy medications, and blood pressure control drugs.
Late menstruation for a long time can be known as amenorrhea. Amenorrhea is divided into two, namely primary and secondary. Primary amenorrhea is a condition of no menstruation at all after the age of 15 years. While secondary amenorrhea occurs in women who have menstruated before, then no menstruation for three months or more.
This condition can be caused by a variety of things, ranging from congenital abnormalities, to hormonal disorders. Amenorrhea requires further examination by a doctor, in order to find out what the underlying cause is. That way, doctors can provide the treatment needed, according to the cause.
How to Overcome Late Menses
Overcoming late menstruation needs to be adjusted to the cause. For this reason, doctors need to do a thorough examination.
The doctor will diagnose the cause of late menstruation with an interview to trace the history of this complaint. Then the doctor will proceed with a physical examination that includes a pelvic examination, as well as carrying out a pregnancy examination.
In addition, doctors are also likely to conduct further tests to ensure the cause of late menstruation, including blood tests to determine hormone levels in the body. Then it may also be done imaging tests by ultrasonography (USG), CT scan, or MRI, if needed.
As a first step to overcoming late menstruation, your doctor will recommend lifestyle improvements. In some cases, the doctor will also give contraceptive pills or other hormone therapy to treat late menstruation.
If late menstruation is caused by a thyroid disorder, special treatment is needed to overcome the disorder. And if the period arrives due to a tumor, a surgery may be needed.
Efforts to prevent late menstruation can be done with a healthy lifestyle, such as maintaining ideal body weight, managing stress, and eating healthy foods. However, if you are still late for a period, you should immediately consult a doctor so that it can be examined and given appropriate treatment.