Liquid nitrogen is a liquid nitrogen with a very low temperature, which is minus 200 degrees Celsius. In the medical world, one of the benefits is as a main ingredient in frozen therapy procedures (cryotherapy). Frozen therapy is a method of freezing tissue with super cold nitrogen liquid to be destroyed.
Liquid nitrogen is also a very valuable substance to preserve various parts of the human body. Blood, bone marrow cells, sperm, ova, and embryos are examples of cells and tissues that can be preserved by liquid nitrogen in the laboratory. This liquid can be used as a scalpel and is also used to treat several skin conditions
Frozen Therapy for Treating Warts
A common way to get rid of warts is with a freeze therapy method (cryotherapy). The process of treating warts with liquid nitrogen that has super cold temperatures usually takes less than one minute, and is done 3-4 times in an interval of 2-3 weeks.
When doing frozen therapy to treat warts, your doctor will likely trim the warts with a small knife first. After that, the super cold liquid nitrogen will be applied to the warts. Usually using cotton or sprayed. Although it may cause pain, this procedure does not usually require anesthesia.
Liquid Nitrogen for Tumor Treatment
Cold therapy with liquid nitrogen can also be used to destroy tissue that grows abnormally in the body, such as tumors. Applying supercooled liquid nitrogen to the abnormal tissue will result in the destruction and death of cells in the tissue.
The application of cold therapy for this purpose is usually for tumors or precancerous lesions on the skin. Several types of tumors in the body can also be treated with this method.
In the body, the application of cold therapy using liquid nitrogen, one of which is used to treat noncancerous bone tumors. The use of cold therapy is considered more effective in minimizing the risk of joint damage compared to surgery. The use of this method is also considered to be able to reduce the risk of amputation.
Cold Therapy in Cancer Treatment
The use of liquid nitrogen in cryosurgery procedures (surgery with cold therapy) is also commonly known in the treatment of cancer and precancerous conditions. Besides being effective for treating prostate cancer and liver tumors, the following conditions are also effective if treated with cold therapy:
- Intraepithelial cervical neoplasia, which is a precancerous condition of the cervix (cervix). In this phase, abnormal changes occur in cervical cells and are likely to develop into cervical cancer.
- Actinic keratosis, which is a precancerous growth on the skin.
- Early-stage skin cancer, both in the form of basal cells and squamous cell carcinoma.
- Low-grade bone cancer, in which cancer cells are only slightly abnormal.
- Retinoblastoma, a cancer that affects the retina of the eye and is common in children. Cold therapy procedures are considered safe for removing small tumors in certain parts of the retina.
As with other treatments, frozen therapy using liquid nitrogen also has risks, although it tends to be less than the risk of surgery or radiation. This therapy is only done if the doctor considers it necessary. Consult your doctor further to get full instructions on the implementation procedures, risks and how to care after living it.