Diving and seeing the underwater beauty is a very pleasant thing. But unfortunately, sometimes diving can also leave various disorders on the body. One of them is pain in the ear caused by barotrauma.
Barotrauma is a condition of discomfort in the ears due to changes in pressure. Barotrauma is often experienced by someone when diving, especially diving in depths of more than 10 meters.
Don’t Panic, Overcome This Way
There are various symptoms that you may experience due to barotrauma, including pain in the ear, difficulty hearing or hearing loss, dizziness, and nosebleeds. For that, do dives in stages, so that the body can adjust to underwater pressure.
If you dive too fast, it can harm your ears. High pressure can make the ear feel full. If set aside and the pressure is higher, the eardrum may rupture. When water enters the hole in the eardrum that has ruptured, you can become confused, nauseous, to vomit. You can also feel dizzy spinning, also known as vertigo.
Some of the steps below, can help you overcome barotrauma:
Ask for help from fellow divers
do not panic
Clean and dry the ears
If the ears feel full or like depressed, you should avoid diving deeper. Perform decompression techniques, by closing the mouth and nose, then blow the air until you hear a knock in the ear.
If that doesn’t work, then stop the dive and slowly rise to the surface. Stop a few times to perform decompression and pressure adjustment techniques.
When diving, it is recommended that you have a fellow diver, so you can help and supervise each other. Similarly, when experiencing barotrauma, your colleague will help to rise to the surface, while watching your condition.
Barotrauma complaints such as sore ears, nausea, vomiting, or spinning dizziness, can make you feel anxious. But don’t panic, because panic can push you up too fast and cause new problems. Stay calm and tell your colleagues to help you rise slowly.
Arriving on the surface, immediately clean the ears and make sure the condition of the ears remain dry. Do not insert any object or liquid into the ear, and seek medical help immediately.
To help reduce complaints, there are a number of other things you can do besides doing decompression techniques, which are chewing gum, yawning, or taking several deep breaths.
Tips to Prevent Barotrauma When Diving
Before doing diving, you should take a diving class first. You will be taught the theory or how to use tools that suit diving needs, get down into the water properly, and how to clean your ears to avoid injury and pain in the ear. Of course you will also learn a variety of other things needed to maintain your safety during diving.
Most cases of barotrauma can heal on their own, without special treatment. However, you are still advised to consult a doctor, so that treatment can be given if needed. If the pain does not go away within a few days, you should consult a doctor again.
Diving can be very enjoyable entertainment to relieve fatigue from daily activities. But, do not let it actually pose a risk of health problems such as ear pain, just because you are less careful when diving.