Mushroom is one of the delicious food ingredients. Not only as food, there are also several types of mushrooms that are used as herbal medicines because it is believed to help overcome certain health conditions. One of them is ganoderma mushroom.
Ganoderma is a fungus that grows on wood. This fungus is found in many hot and humid regions in Asia. Mushroom body looks like a yellow or brown fan on the inner layer. This fungus is widely used as a traditional Asian medicine. In China, Ganoderma is called Lingzhi. Meanwhile, in Japan it is called reishi.
Ganoderma mushroom composition mainly consists of water, protein, fat, carbohydrates, fiber, ash, and several types of vitamins and minerals, such as calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, selenium, zinc, and copper. Some types of ganoderma mushrooms contain bioactive materials such as triterpenoids, lectins, peptidoglycan and polysaccharides. Other substances such as iron, cadmium and mercury are also found in ganoderma, but the levels are very low.
Benefits of Ganoderma Mushrooms
Traditionally, ganoderma is widely used to nourish the body. However, various studies are currently underway to explore the possible benefits of Ganoderma for treatment, including:
Strengthening the immune system
Fight fatigue, relieve anxiety and depression
Prevents heart disease
Protect cells from damage
Suppressing cancer cells
One of the best benefits of ganoderma mushroom is that it strengthens the immune system. Laboratory tests show that the ganoderma fungus can have a good effect on white blood cells which are an important part of the immune system to fight infection.
A limited study examines the use of Ganoderma in patients who experience nerve pain after being infected with the varicella zoster virus. The treatment results showed a decrease in pain and wound healing, without any symptoms of poisoning. Another study found that the use of Ganoderma with other herbs can accelerate recovery in genital herpes and labial herpes. However, the benefits of Ganoderma as a drug still need to be studied more deeply.
In addition to strengthening the immune system to fight infection, ganoderma fungus is also believed to improve quality of life, make the body not easily tired, and relieve anxiety disorders and even depression. However, the side effects and safety of using Ganoderma as a treatment for this disorder are still not supported by strong scientific evidence.
Although it still requires further research, preliminary results of the study found the possible benefits of certain types of ganoderma. It is known that some of these fungi can reduce symptoms of chest pain and difficulty breathing due to blocked blood vessels or arteries.
Several ganoderma contents, including polysaccharides and triterpenoids, show antioxidant activity in the study. Antioxidants will protect cells from damage while protecting cell immunity, so they can help prevent cancer or other chronic diseases.
Ganoderma is one type of plant that is studied as an anticancer. Ganoderma extract, which is rich in polysaccharides and triterpenoids, is thought to prevent normal cells from becoming cancerous cells and suppress the effects of tumor growth. However, this research is mostly done in animal experiments and more research is still needed in humans.
For certain health conditions, consumption of ganoderma mushrooms needs to be more careful. The use of Ganoderma mushrooms at high doses is likely to increase the risk of bleeding. Beware of the consumption of this fungus for those who experience certain bleeding disorders, including people with thrombocytopenia or people taking blood-thinning drugs.
Possible risk of bleeding due to ganoderma will also be very dangerous in patients before and after surgery. Stop consuming Ganoderma at least 14 days before surgery.
For people with low blood pressure, it is feared that this fungus can worsen the condition and affect the treatment. Pregnant and nursing mothers are also advised to be careful. To be safer, you should avoid consuming Ganoderma mushroom, because the effect is not yet known to the fetus and baby.
The use of Ganoderma mushrooms for more than 3 months can cause a reaction in the form of the mouth, throat, and nose that become dry. Other side effects that can also occur when consuming ganoderma in the long term are dizziness, headaches, rashes and itching, stomach aches, and nosebleeds.
Until now, research on the benefits of direct ganoderma in humans is still very minimal, so it is difficult to ascertain how much ganoderma consumption is right for the treatment process.
Although ganoderma mushrooms are thought to have several benefits, always consult a doctor before you consume them. This is intended to avoid side effects or things that are not desirable.