There are many things that can cause diarrhea in children, one of which is due to food contaminated with germs, parasites, or viruses. In dealing with diarrhea in children, parents need to provide replacement fluids to restore lost body fluids. Monitoring the child’s condition with alacrity is also an important step taken to address diarrhea in children.
Poor environmental hygiene conditions, the habit of not washing hands, contact with dirty objects, and consuming food or drinks that are contaminated with viruses, bacteria, or parasites are some of the things that play a role in causing diarrhea in children. Other conditions such as allergies, intolerance, poisoning, and digestive disorders, can also cause diarrhea in children.
Fortunately, mild diarrhea that occurs in children usually does not last long and can be treated at home. However, closely monitoring the child’s condition is important to ensure that his condition does not worsen and complications occur.
Steps to Overcome Diarrhea in Children
Diarrhea in children can be treated by paying attention to the following:
Pay attention to fluid intake to avoid dehydration
Anticipate malnutrition with healthy food
Do not give medicines first and know when to see a doctor
- Children look pale.
- Does not shed tears when crying.
- Loss of consciousness.
- Don’t pee after a few hours.
- His eyes look sunken.
- Hard to breathe.
- Diarrhea in children lasts for more than three days,
- Accompanied by vomiting mixed with blood or yellow / green liquid.
- Children are too weak, even unable to stand.
- The child has a high fever.
- In eight hours had experienced diarrhea four times or more.
- There is a rash on the body.
- There is blood in the stool.
Replacing fluid loss is an important key in handling diarrhea in children to avoid dehydration. Parents need to know that dehydration in children is a condition worth watching out for.
In babies who have diarrhea, try to feed more often. Babies who are diarrhea need a replacement fluid that contains important nutrients so that they do not lack fluids and nutrients. One of the good liquids is breast milk. If you usually breastfeed every 2 hours, now give milk every hour according to the needs of your child.
For children, it is important to give him oral rehydration fluids such as ORS. Provision of water alone, without sugar or electrolyte content, can not be regarded as an ideal intake. ORS consisting of a mixture of water with sugar and salt that serves to replace sugar, electrolytes, and other important minerals lost due to diarrhea in children.
It is recommended that you continue to feed your baby or child as usual. Give food in small portions, but more often if your child can spend it.
Even so, you also have to be careful in giving food or drink, because some of them can make diarrhea in children last longer. An example is milk. Some children may experience lactose intolerance or milk allergy. If given milk, diarrhea in children with these conditions will become worse.
Food choices that can be given are those that can be easily digested by the child’s body, including white rice, bananas, as well as various stews of meat, chicken, or fish. Avoid giving food that contains too much fat, sugar, or spicy food. Avoid insoluble fiber, such as tomatoes, celery, cucumber, spinach, broccoli, beans, carrots, and whole grains. These types of foods can cause diarrhea worse.
Avoid giving antidiarrheal medication, before consulting a pediatrician. You are advised to have your child checked by a doctor immediately if something like this happens:
If the child has diarrhea, you must make sure that he is not dehydrated. Dehydration is a complication of diarrhea in children that can increase the risk of brain damage, seizures, and even death. If diarrhea does not improve after treatment at home, or it worsens and there are signs above, immediately take the child to the doctor or the nearest hospital to get further treatment.