Diseases caused by adenovirus that are commonly experienced by children can be transmitted quickly. Those who are infected are strongly advised not to attend school or go to public places.
Adenovirus is a group of viruses that can cause infections of the eyes, intestines, lungs, and airways. At least, there are about 40 types of adenoviruses that have been identified and have the potential to infect anyone easily. Because, this virus can live for a long time on the surface of objects.
Diseases Caused by Adenovirus
Here are some diseases that are caused by adenoviruses:
Respiratory disease with fever (febrile respiratory disease)
Lower respiratory tract disorders
Urinary tract infection
This flu-like illness is the most common adenovirus infection in children. Other symptoms that can arise include pharyngitis, coughing, rhinitis and swollen lymph nodes. In some cases, this disease also causes middle ear infections (otitis media).
Adenovirus infection can cause lower respiratory tract diseases, such as pneumonia, whooping cough, or bronchiolitis. Although rare, this condition can trigger fatal health problems for babies.
Adenovirus infection can cause gastroenteritis, which is inflammation of the stomach, large and small intestine. Symptoms of gastroenteritis can include diarrhea, fever, vomiting, stomach cramps and headaches.
Adenovirus infection can cause urinary tract infections (UTI). Symptoms of urinary tract infections include frequent urination and tenderness during urination. Cystitis is a type of urinary tract infection caused by adenovirus infection. Urinary tract infections that are often experienced by women are characterized by a dark and smelly urine color.
Adenoviruses that attack the eye can cause inflammation of the outer layer of the eye and the inner layer of the eyelid (conjunctiva) or conjunctivitis (pinkeye). Red eye and discharge from the eyes are symptoms that are commonly felt by sufferers. Another type of eye infection is pharyngoconjunctival fever, which is when the respiratory tract is also infected. While keratoconjunctivitis occurs when the cornea is also infected.
Adenovirus rarely ends in death, but generally this infection can be serious if it occurs in infants or people who experience immune system disorders. In patients with cardiac or respiratory problems, the risk of developing severe disease will be greater when infected with adenovirus.
Protecting Children from Adenovirus Infection
Adenovirus infection spreads from one person to another through coughing, sneezing, or fecal contamination. To avoid the transmission of this infection, here are ways that can be done by people or other people who are still healthy:
- Cover mouth and nose with hands or cloth when coughing and sneezing.
- Wash hands before eating and after defecating, and before processing food. Also wash your hands after making contact with public facilities, such as touching the doorknob door handles or holding onto a train or bus.
- Teach children to always wash their hands before eating. They can be infected if playing with an infected friend.
- Avoid eating foods that have been infested with flies.
- Adenovirus sufferers should not go to school or work. Also you should avoid using public facilities, such as swimming in public swimming pools, because adenoviruses that cause pinkeye can spread through water. This is why chlorine is needed in swimming pools to prevent transmission.
- Avoid wiping the eyes, mouth or nose with hands that have not been washed thoroughly.
Diarrhea due to adenovirus can subside in about two weeks. Some other diseases, such as pneumonia, can last up to four weeks. The thing to remember, antibiotic drugs cannot deal with viral infections. Therefore, you should not use drugs carelessly.
The symptoms of adenovirus infection in each child can vary depending on which part of the body is infected. Immediately check the child to the doctor if he has trouble breathing, dehydration, prolonged fever, symptoms get worse after a week, and red eyes and swelling are getting worse. Symptoms of Adenovirus infection that is not severe that occur in infants under three months, should be checked by a doctor immediately.