During pregnancy, you will experience a considerable increase in body weight. However, not to gain excess weight, because it can cause complications during pregnancy.
Weight gain for each pregnant woman can vary, depending on her body mass index (BMI) she had before becoming pregnant. In order not to cause interference or complications in pregnancy, weight gain during pregnancy needs to be maintained according to BMI.
Health Risks Due to Being Overweight during Pregnancy
In women with a normal BMI, which is between 18.5-22.9, weight gain during pregnancy is recommended around 11-15 kg. While in women who are overweight with a BMI above 25, it is recommended that their weight during pregnancy only increase 6-11 kg. This is because overweight or obese pregnant women are prone to health problems and pregnancy complications.
Here are some health risks that can occur due to being overweight during pregnancy:
1. Gestational diabetes
Being overweight or obese during pregnancy can increase your risk of developing gestational diabetes, which often progresses to type 2 diabetes later in life. In addition, gestational diabetes can also increase the likelihood that pregnant women should give birth by cesarean section.
Pregnant women who are overweight or obese are more at risk of developing preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is a pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure, and the presence of protein in the urine (proteinuria) due to kidney leakage.
3. Premature birth
Premature or premature births are more likely to occur in women who are overweight during pregnancy. One of them is due to the occurrence of preeclampsia.
Miscarriage can occur spontaneously and the cause is unknown. However, obese pregnant women have a higher risk of miscarriage than normal weight pregnant women.
5. Congenital abnormalities in infants
Babies born to obese mothers are more at risk of developing congenital abnormalities, such as spinal cord defects (spina bifida) or congenital heart disease. Not only that, the fetus is also more at risk of dying in the womb or stillbirth.
6. Macrosomia in infants
Obesity during pregnancy can also increase the risk of pregnant women giving birth to babies who are overweight (macrosomia). The size of the baby that is too large will increase the risk of injury during labor, for example, babies stuck in the birth canal or mother experiencing bleeding.
Women who are overweight or obese are advised to lose weight before starting the pregnancy program, in order to avoid complications due to being overweight while pregnant.
Basically, overweight pregnant women need more monitoring and care than normal weight pregnant women. One of them through prenatal examination, including ultrasonography (USG) periodic pregnancy. That way, if found signs of a risk of pregnancy complications, the doctor can immediately provide treatment.
It is important for mothers to maintain weight before and during pregnancy, so as not to experience excess weight or obesity. Consult your obstetrician to get advice on how to have a healthy pregnancy, including eating patterns and recommended physical activity.