Eclampsia is a complication of preeclampsia, which can cause a woman to experience seizures during her pregnancy. This can happen even if you don’t have a history of previous seizures.
Seizures occur because brain activity is disrupted resulting in episodes of decreased vigilance, bulging eyes and trembling. This condition is a very serious condition.
Recognize Eclampsia Further
Preeclampsia itself is actually a condition that usually occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy, during labor or 48 hours after delivery. The reason pregnant women can suffer from eclampsia, is not known with certainty. Generally eclampsia will occur if the mother with preeclampsia is not treated properly.
There are two factors that trigger preeclampsia, namely:
High blood pressure
High blood pressure in preeclampsia will cause damage to the walls of arteries, especially in the brain. This damage can inhibit blood flow and cause swelling of blood vessels in the brain, including including the fetus in the growing uterus. If the swelling has disrupted brain function, the sufferer will experience convulsions.
Preeclampsia can generally affect kidney function. One of them is characterized by proteinuria, which is a condition in which urine contains protein in more than normal amounts. Usually when blood passes through the kidneys, the kidneys filter waste products and try to maintain nutrients in the blood, such as proteins that are distributed back to the body. However, if the kidney filter or glomeruli are damaged, then the protein can leak into the urine.
In addition, some experts suspect that excessive body fat, genetic makeup, and poor nutrition are also a cause of preeclampsia and eclampsia.
This is the reason why eclampsia can harm mother and fetus
Eclampsia can be dangerous because it will affect the condition of the placenta. The placenta is an organ that supplies nutrients, oxygen, and blood to the fetus. In eclampsia, high blood pressure actually reduces blood flow, and makes the placenta unable to function properly.
If the pregnant woman experiences eclampsia or is having problems with the placenta, the doctor will usually recommend to undergo preterm labor for the safety and health of the fetus. Eclampsia can also cause babies to be born with various health problems or with low birth weight. Even at the worst possibility, a baby can be born dead.
Prevents Preeclampsia and Eclampsia
Preeclampsia is difficult to prevent because until now it has not been clearly known the exact cause. One way you can do to anticipate these conditions is to undergo a periodic obstetric examination.
The doctor can detect early on the presence or absence of symptoms suspected as a sign of preeclampsia or eclampsia, with the following tests:
- Blood pressure check.
- Blood test.
- Urine examination.
- Fetal development in utero.
Although there is no sure way to prevent preeclampsia, there are several factors that contribute to controlling high blood pressure in pregnancy. Some things you can do in this case, namely:
- Reducing extra salt in food.
- Avoid consumption of fried foods.
- Increase the consumption of water, by drinking 8-10 glasses of water a day.
- Enough rest.
- Exercise regularly
- Avoid consumption of alcoholic drinks and caffeine.
Chances are the doctor will also give medicine for regular consumption. One of them is low-dose aspirin, which is given at 12 weeks or more. But keep in mind, do not take drugs carelessly, without consulting a doctor.
Love and look after pregnancy by living a healthy lifestyle. It is also important to have regular obstetrical examinations to prevent dangerous conditions, including preeclampsia and eclampsia.