Nowadays the age of married women is increasing. Yet when viewed from the medical side, women over the age of 30 years have a more difficult risk of pregnancy than women who are younger.
This is because every woman is born with a limited number of eggs. The more we age, the less the quality and the number of eggs. In addition, egg cells in older women are also more difficult to fertilize compared to younger women. Pregnancy in women over the age of 30 is also more at risk of developing disorders. Understanding what are the risks of pregnancy over the age of 30 will help you live a healthy pregnancy.
Various Risks of Pregnancy Over the Age of 30 Years
At the beginning of the age of 30 years, the chance to have offspring is slightly reduced or difficult women are more difficult to get pregnant than the late 20s. This opportunity will decrease again after women aged 35 years and over.
Not only that, there are several other risks for a woman over the age of 30 who are trying to get offspring, namely:
- Gradually, the risk of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy (when the embryo grows outside the uterus) will increase, especially in women over the age of 35 years and will be more at risk in the early 40s.
- Increased age is related to the risk of genetic disorders in the fetus, so it requires periodic examinations to detect the possibility of pregnancy at the age of 30 years more at risk of giving birth to babies with chromosomal abnormalities, such as Down syndrome.
- Caesarean birth rates are higher in women over the age of 35 compared to those who have delivered in their 20s. This is caused by the possibility of fetal emergencies or miscarriage in mothers over the 30s will increase, because the uterine muscle is no longer sufficiently elastic.
- More at risk of developing gestational diabetes. If not handled properly, the baby will grow larger than the size in general. This condition can make labor more difficult and risky.
- Besides being more difficult to get pregnant, pregnant women over 30 years are more at risk of developing high blood pressure during pregnancy which can cause complications.
Pregnant women over the age of 30 years may also be at risk of giving birth to premature or low weight babies. In addition, there is an increase in other risks, such as placenta previa, preeclampsia, and ruptured membranes.
How to Reduce the Risk of Pregnancy at the Age of Over 30 Years
If you are a woman who is 30 years or older and is preparing for pregnancy, don’t let worries haunt you. To reduce the risks that might occur, the following are ways that can be done.
Check your health thoroughly before becoming pregnant
Perform regular pregnancy checks
Stop smoking and consuming alcohol
Perform tests to detect chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus
Adequate consumption of folic acid
Maintain ideal body weight
It is recommended to do a thorough health check before deciding to get pregnant, such as blood pressure, urine tests, and blood sugar levels. Maternal health checks are also needed throughout pregnancy.
Women who are over 35 years pregnant, especially above 40 years, need to undergo routine checks more often than pregnant women at a younger age. It is advisable to see a gynecologist in the hospital rather than a midwife in the clinic.
Stop taking actions that can endanger the health of the mother and baby, such as smoking (including being passive smoking), consuming alcohol, and unhealthy eating patterns.
If deemed necessary, especially if there is a family history, there is no harm in undergoing tests to detect chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus.
Inadequate daily folic acid needs. If the daily menu is felt to be lacking, the doctor can prescribe supplements, but avoid consuming more than 1 milligram of folic acid a day without going to the doctor first.
This can be done by simply moving actively and adopting a healthy eating pattern that is rich in nutrients. Consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables and fibrous foods. Limit or avoid eating fast food or processed foods that contain preservatives.
Through good preparation, along with proper knowledge and care, women who are pregnant over the age of 30 can undergo a normal delivery to have a healthy baby. See your obstetrician immediately if you have difficulty getting pregnant or have certain conditions that can make your pregnancy more risky, such as suffering from sexually transmitted diseases.