Babies who experience constipation or constipation are classified as common, but cannot be underestimated or allowed to drag on. To overcome constipation in infants, it will be easier if parents know the cause.
One sign of a baby having a bowel movement is that he does not defecate at least three times a week. Another characteristic that is easily seen is hard and hard stools that come out. Another possibility is when he takes out dirt that looks like small, hard lumps.
Know the cause so that more easily overcome
To find out how to deal with constipation in infants, parents must know what are the factors that can cause constipation in infants. Some of the most common causes include:
New babies are introduced to solid foods
Babies experience a lack of fluids
Difficult bowel movements because of certain formula milk
Certain medical conditions
Constipation is common in babies who experience a transition from consuming only liquids or breast milk to solid food. The digestive system is not accustomed to the presence of solid food in the stomach. In addition, consider also the risk enhancing factors, such as the type of solid food that is minimal in fiber.
Lack of fluid intake can cause dirt to become dry or hard, making it difficult to remove. In addition, sometimes some babies will have difficulty receiving food and drink because their mouths have problems, such as the growth of milk teeth or the presence of canker sores. Likewise with other things that make children become lazy to drink, causing dehydration, such as colds, ear infections, or throat infections.
Certain formula milk has a nutritional composition that is more difficult to digest. This then causes the baby’s stool harder, so the baby has difficulty defecating and experiencing constipation. In addition to formula milk, difficult bowel movements can also be caused because your child has an allergy to cow’s milk. However, do not worry you can give your baby high-fiber milk that is formulated for children.
Certain medical conditions can contribute to constipation in infants. In infants under 6 months of age, several common causes of constipation are gastrointestinal organ abnormalities from birth, cow’s milk allergy, celiac disease, too high calcium levels in the blood (hypercalcemia), hypothyroidism, Hirschprung’s disease, and spinal cord abnormalities.
Some other medical conditions that can also cause babies to experience constipation or constipation are food poisoning and allergies.
How to deal with constipation in infants
To overcome constipation in infants, it needs to be distinguished according to their age group. In contrast to adults, the physical condition of the baby at each age development will vary.
The problem of constipation in infants younger than 6 – 12 months requires the following treatment:
Change or replace formula milk
Make use of stool softeners
If during this time the child is given formula milk, discuss it with the doctor first to change the dose of formula milk or ask about the replacement of formula milk children that are high in fiber.
Can also use stool softeners according to doctor’s orders. This stool softener can be added to baby milk to be given three times a day.
As for infants ranging in age from 1-2 years, it is more appropriate to be given the following treatment:
Get used to sitting on the toilet regularly
Give foods that are high in fiber
Give specially formulated cow’s milk
This is done about 3-5 minutes after eating. Children are asked to sit on the toilet even though they do not feel like defecating. Create a comfortable atmosphere so that children feel comfortable every bowel movement in the toilet. In this way the child can learn to respond to his own desire to defecate by always sitting on the toilet.
Add fiber from three servings of vegetables and 2 servings of fruit every day. Give priority to fiber intake from skinned fruits that can be directly consumed, such as plums, apricots, peaches, or prunes. Besides fruits, whole-grain bread and high-fiber milk can also be given to him. Avoid processed ready-to-eat cereals, such as corn flakes or rice bubbles.
Basically, children aged 1-2 years are still encouraged to consume breast milk. However, if your child has symptoms of constipation, you can consult a doctor to give your baby high-fiber milk so that his digestion is healthier.
If constipation in children does not improve, laxatives can be given in the form of laxatives or stool softeners. However, it should be noted that these drugs should only be given after consultation with a doctor.
If parents have done how to deal with constipation in infants above, but there has been no improvement, then do not ever hesitate to ask for help from a doctor. This needs to be done especially if the baby starts to show discomfort due to constipation.