Asthma during pregnancy that is not well controlled can have a negative impact on the health of the mother and fetus. So that asthma does not get worse, you need to make the following handling efforts.
For women who suffer from asthma, pregnancy can affect the condition of asthma. There are some asthma sufferers who experience improved symptoms while pregnant, but in most cases, pregnancy can make asthma worse and often recur.
If that happens, the mother and fetus are at risk of experiencing lack of oxygen, which certainly can endanger the health condition of the mother and the baby.
Healthy Tips to Control Asthma during Pregnancy
As a prospective mother, you need to know how to deal with asthma during pregnancy. Asthma attacks during pregnancy that can be controlled properly can prevent the risk of health problems in the mother and fetus.
The following are some asthma treatments that you can do during pregnancy:
1. Taking asthma medication
The main key to controlling asthma during pregnancy is to keep taking asthma medication regularly. You don’t need to worry, because most inhaled asthma medications or inhalers that contain terbutaline, albuterol, prednisone, and theophylline are safe for consumption during pregnancy.
But be careful, asthma medication consumed by drinking (oral medication) is feared risky for the fetus.
To ensure that asthma medications are safe for consumption when pregnant, you should consult your obstetrician early in pregnancy. Inform your doctor in detail about the history of your asthma and the medications you have taken.
2. Avoid triggers of asthma symptoms
For asthmatics who are pregnant, avoiding the triggering factors of asthma attacks is a very important step. This step can be done in the following ways:
- Avoid allergens that trigger asthma, such as dust, smoke, and animal dander.
- Indari is close to people who are suffering from respiratory infections.
- Don’t smoke, and stay away from cigarette smoke.
- Diligent in sports, such as swimming, pregnancy exercise, yoga, or other sports recommended by doctors.
- If you have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), immediately treat it with a doctor. GERD can worsen asthma symptoms during pregnancy.
- If you have a cold, ask your doctor about antihistamines that are safe for consumption.
3. Routinely undergo medical check-ups
This examination is done once a month, and aims to monitor the general health condition of the body, including the condition of the lungs. This examination is also useful to ensure a healthy fetal condition. The doctor will use spirometry or peak flow meters to measure the lung function of pregnant women.
4. Monitor fetal movements every day
Monitor fetal movements every day, especially after your womb is 28 weeks old. To make sure the fetus is active and healthy, you can do a pregnancy ultrasound examination as part of a routine pregnancy checkup. If asthma often recurs and the symptoms get more severe, consult your obstetrician immediately.
5. Carry out a flu vaccine
The flu shot is recommended for all pregnant women, especially pregnant women with asthma. This vaccine gives you extra protection against severe flu.
6. Don’t ignore the symptoms of asthma
Heavy breathing during pregnancy may not necessarily indicate asthma. This is normal during pregnancy, especially in the last trimester. While asthma symptoms that you should be aware of and require immediate doctor treatment are:
- Hard to breathe
- A cough that gets worse at night and morning
- Cough when doing physical activity
- The chest feels depressed
- The skin looks pale
- Lips and fingers appear bluish
Risk of Asthma when Pregnant
If asthma is not well controlled during pregnancy, you run the risk of experiencing the following conditions:
- Morning sickness
- Vaginal bleeding.
- Labor complications.
- Fetal growth barriers.
- Give birth to a premature baby or with a birth weight
In severe asthma, complications can be fatal, both for pregnant women and fetuses in the womb.
So, don’t underestimate this condition. If you suffer from asthma and plan to become pregnant or are pregnant, it is advisable to consult an obstetrician to get the best advice and treatment for controlling asthma during pregnancy.