Polio is an infectious disease caused by a virus that is in the digestive tract and throat. Preventing polio can be done by immunization, especially in children under five years old (toddlers), through immunization drops and injectable polio immunization.
Under certain conditions, a person infected with polio can experience permanent paralysis, even to the point of death. Polio can appear without any symptoms. This disease can also be transmitted through contact with fluids coming out of the nose, mouth, and feces of someone who has been infected with polio.
Getting to Know Polio Immunization Further
Polio immunization is a vaccine used to protect the body from poliomyelitis disorders or polio infection. This polio vaccine is very important for efforts to prevent transmission. Because if left untreated, polio can endanger and threaten the lives of sufferers.
There are two types of polio immunization that must be given to children. First, oral polio immunization (OPV) which is a weakened poliovirus. Second, injectable polio immunization or inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) using disabled poliovirus, then given by injection.
The polio vaccine is given four times, namely when a newborn is born, then continued at the 2nd, 3rd and 4th month. Booster doses are given when they reach the age of 18 months. Newborns are given OPV, then for the next polio vaccination can be given IPV or OPV. It’s just that every child must get at least one dose of IPV.
Recognize Side Effects After Polio Immunization
There are some side effects that may be felt by children after getting polio immunization, both IPV and OPV. After IPV, redness can occur on the injection site. Children can also experience mild fever. This fever can be treated by giving a low dose of paracetamol, as prescribed by the doctor.
Although it is rare, OPV given by mouth drops can cause mild diarrhea without fever. To be safe and not cause harmful side effects, you should consult with a doctor before immunization is done.
Things to Look For Before Polio Immunization
As explained above, polio immunization is one of the mandatory immunizations if you do not want children to be affected by polio. Before immunizing, you should pay attention to the following:
Watch for allergic reactions in children
Postpone immunization when the child is sick
If your child experiences a severe allergic reaction to injectable polio immunization, it is recommended not to immunize injectable polio again. In addition, children who are allergic to the content of polymyxin B, streptomycin, or neomycin, are also advised not to receive polio immunization.
For children who are quite sick or moderate, you need to postpone immunization until the child is completely healed. However, if your child is only mild illness, such as coughing and runny nose without fever, the child may still receive the vaccination.
IPV or OPV immunization is actually safe to do. However, it is advisable to consult a doctor to find out more about the risks of side effects and appropriate treatment. Don’t miss polio immunization and pay attention when your child’s immunization schedule is to avoid this disease.