Have you ever experienced swollen eyes? If so, this might be due to a buildup of fluid in the connective tissue around the eyes. In addition to fluid buildup, there are also other factors that can cause the condition, ranging from crying for too long, injury, infection, to allergic eye.
Swollen eyes or commonly known as periorbital puffiness is an eye swelling condition that often occurs in the upper and lower eyelids. Generally, this condition does not last long and will disappear within 24 to 48 hours.
Various Causes of Swollen Eyes
To learn more about swollen eyes. Here are some types of causes of swollen eyes, including:
Lack of sleep
Kalazion or meibomian cyst
Lack of sleep is the cause of swollen eyes that are often experienced by some people. Besides causing swollen eyes, lack of sleep can also make the skin around the eyes become dull, wrinkled, and dark circles appear under the eyes. This condition usually occurs due to excessive release of the hormone cortisol when a person is lacking rest. Excessive release of the hormone cortisol causes collagen to split, so that the skin will gradually wrinkle and lose its elasticity. Not only that, lack of sleep also allows the growth hormone production to decrease thereby reducing skin layers, reduced muscle mass, and bone fragility.
Meibomian or kalazion cysts are also one of the causes of swollen eyes. Meibomian cyst is a disease characterized by the appearance of a lump on the eyelid. This condition occurs due to blockage of the oil gland ducts in the eye, giving rise to a buildup of fluid in the eyelids. Lumps usually last for two to six months. In addition to swollen eyes, these lumps can also cause red eyelids to become red, irritated, and painful to the touch.
Swollen eyes can also be a form of the body’s natural reaction to allergies. In addition to swelling, allergies can also cause discomfort in the eye which is characterized by watery eyes, red eyes, and itching. When exposed to allergens (things that trigger allergies), the immune system will react to allergens by releasing histamine. This substance triggers allergies. There are many factors that can trigger allergies, from dust, pollen, mold, pet dander, drugs, to food and cosmetics. Therefore, pay attention to allergy triggers to avoid swollen eyes.
Another cause of the appearance of swollen eyes is blepharitis. Blepharitis itself is inflammation of the eyelids that can occur in the area where eyelashes grow. This condition generally arises when the oil glands near the eyelashes become blocked. Resulting in swollen eyes, irritation, redness, watery eyes, eyelids itching, pain, and glare easily. Therefore, it is important to always maintain the cleanliness of the eyelids. If the inflammatory condition is severe, usually antibiotics and corticosteroid drugs in the form of eye drops or eye ointment can be a treatment option. However, the use of both treatments must be in accordance with a doctor’s prescription.
The cause of this swollen eye is one of the most common diseases in the eye. Conjunctivitis is inflammation of the inside of the eyelid. Symptoms can include red, runny, itchy, and sore eyes. This condition is most often caused by a viral infection, but can also be caused by bacteria. In addition to infections, conjunctivitis can also occur due to allergies and irritation of certain substances.
The bite or the sting of some insects can cause allergic reactions, one of which includes swollen eyes. Some types of insects that have such effects include bees and wasps. In addition to the eye area, insect stings can cause swelling in a short time in the mouth and throat. There can also be difficulty breathing, dizziness, wheezing, abdominal pain, even fainting. This condition is called anaphylactic reaction. This situation requires emergency treatment.
To treat swollen eyes, the causative factor becomes an important thing to know. The faster you find the causative factor, the easier it is to determine the type of treatment. Consult with an eye doctor to get an examination and treatment accordingly.