Excessive sweating of hands is a medical condition called hyperhidrosis. Even so, it does not mean sweaty hands always indicate the occurrence of hyperhidrosis. Sweating hands naturally occur due to several other factors, for example due to physical activity in hot air.
You don’t need to worry too much because excessive sweating is usually not dangerous. Normally, sweat glands will release sweat fluid to the surface of the skin when the air is hot. Sweat fluid is also produced when a person is exercising, nervous, stressed, agitated, or has a fever.
Various Causes of Sweating Hands
Excessive sweating in certain areas of the body for no apparent reason is called primary hyperhidrosis. Unlike people in general, someone who has hyperhidrosis can sweat profusely even when he is not hot.
This condition generally occurs when the eccrine sweat glands are active. Ekrin is the most numerous sweat gland in the body. Most of the eccrine is in the palms, legs, face and underarms. This eccrine sweat gland can be active as a result of nerve activation. The cause can not be ascertained, but there may be influenced by hereditary factors.
Apart from nervous activity, sweaty hands can also be caused by psychological factors. This condition makes the nervous system work excessively, one of which is characterized by excessive sweating on the palm of the hand. You may feel other symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, anxiety, restlessness during sleep, and more frequent bowel movements. Symptoms like this can also occur when a person’s thyroid gland is overactive.
Overcoming Sweating Hands due to Primary Hyperhidrosis
As explained earlier, primary hyperhidrosis can be one of the causes of sweaty hands. Below are some steps that can be done as an effort to overcome primary hyperhidrosis:
Using anticholinergic drugs
Take antiperspirant drugs
Anticholinergic drugs work by influencing nerve signals to the sweat glands. This drug is not necessarily suitable for use by everyone, because this drug has many side effects such as urinary tract disorders, blurred vision, and heart palpitations.
Antiperspirants that contain aluminum can help control excessive sweating. Usually doctors prescribe products that contain high doses of aluminum to be applied to areas of the body that sweat at night. However, keep in mind that antiperspirants can cause skin irritation and cannot limit sweat production.
The iontophoresis treatment uses a mild electric current so that the sweat glands stop working for a while. This therapy usually lasts for 10-30 minutes. This method is claimed as the most effective effort to stop the production of excessive sweating on the hands and feet.
Botox injections can be an alternative treatment method to treat primary hyperhidrosis. In this procedure, the doctor will inject Botox in certain parts of the body with sweat glands that are considered to be overactive, for example in the area around the armpits, palms, or soles of the feet.
Surgery is a last resort to deal with severe hyperhidrosis, especially in the hands and armpits area. With surgery on the chest, the nerves that control the sweat glands of the hand will be removed. Side effects after surgery are excessive sweating moving to other areas of the body, such as the groin or chest. Other risks are nerve disorders and bleeding in the chest.
Sweaty hands are normal under certain conditions. However, if sweaty hands already interfere with daily activities, it helps you see a doctor to find out the causes and steps for proper handling.