Forgetting is a natural condition and is felt by almost everyone. Not infrequently forget to be associated with people with an older age. In fact, there are also certain conditions that can be a cause of forgetting.
The thing that often causes forgetfulness is an unhealthy lifestyle. For example, frequent consumption of alcohol and smoking. A study shows, smoking risks reducing oxygen levels in the brain.
Understanding Long-term and Short-Term Memory
Broadly speaking, human memories can be divided into short-term and long-term memories.
Long-term memory is information that is stored for a long time. For example, things that happened a few days until a dozen years ago. This memory is often not realized, but can be brought back if needed or if there are triggers associated with the memory.
Long-term memory itself is divided into two types, namely explicit and implicit memory. Implicit memory is unconscious, such as how to operate a computer or drive a vehicle, while explicit memory is conscious memory, such as knowledge of certain information or events.
Meanwhile, short-term memories are memories that are easily lost if not re-accessed or not needed by being replaced by new information. However, if accessed frequently, these short-term memories can then turn into long-term memories.
Important memories can indeed be recalled more easily than other memories. However, this memory will also be easier to reappear if more often remembered. This is the reason why children who learn frequently will find it easier to remember the material they have learned, so they tend to be more successful in school exams.
Factors That Cause Forgetting
The cause of forgetting can be caused by various factors. The following are some of them:
Consumption of medicines
Stress and depression
Lack of sleep
Certain conditions or diseases
Some medications, such as antidepressants, sleeping pills, and pain relievers, risk reducing memory ability.
This can make it difficult for you to focus and concentrate, so the ability to remember will also decrease.
Lack of quality and sleep time can cause a decrease in the brain’s ability to process information.
Several types of nutrients can support the work of the brain, such as vitamins B1 and B12. Lack of these vitamins can affect memory.
Head injuries that occur due to collisions or accidents, have the risk of affecting the ability to remember.
Stroke can cause disruption in brain function, while affecting memory. Some diseases caused by infections can cause memory loss, such as HIV, tuberculosis, and syphilis. In addition, dementia is one of the conditions that causes the most severe forgetfulness. In dementia, progressive memory loss occurs, so that sufferers are unable to interact and move normally.
How to Improve Memory
There are several tips you can do to improve your memory, namely:
Train concentration and work the brain
Limiting sugar consumption
Take fish oil supplements
Eating foods that are anti-inflammatory
Concentrate on what is being done. The ability of the brain can also be trained so as not to forget easily with certain games or challenges.
If consumed in excessive amounts, foods with high sugar levels are believed to be triggers for worsening memory.
This supplement contains high omega-3 fatty acids, so it is useful to improve short-term memory, especially in the elderly (elderly).
Foods that are rich in anti-inflammatory substances (anti-inflammatory), such as strawberries, salmon, broccoli, mushrooms, olive oil, tomatoes, and avocados, are very good in maintaining your memory.
In addition, you also need to train the brain to remain active so that it is not easy to forget, among others by exercising a lot, socializing, and doing brain-stimulating games, such as puzzles and word games
Forgetting is a condition that can be experienced by everyone. But if you forget that you experience has disrupted your activities, immediately consult a doctor to find the cause and how to overcome it appropriately.