When pregnant, women are encouraged to gain weight. The goal is that the fetus gets enough nutrition to grow. However, what if it actually causes obesity? What dangers lurk?
If adjusted to the average body size for Asian residents, pregnant women can already be called obese if they have a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or more. This condition needs to be watched out for, because obesity is not only dangerous for pregnant women themselves, but also for the fetus in the womb.
Risk of Pregnancy with Obesity
In addition to making it difficult for pregnant women to move, obesity also increases the risk of pregnant women experiencing:
- Difficult or long labor
- Gestational diabetes
- Postpartum hemorrhage
- Heart and kidney disorders
- Sleep apnea
- Childbirth by caesarean section
- Blood clotting
- Miscarriages or babies born lifeless
Not only pregnant women, the fetus can also feel the bad effects, such as disability or being born with excess weight. Being born with excess weight can increase the risk of the baby becoming obese when he reaches childhood, and suffering from diabetes and heart disease when he is an adult.
How to Maintain Weight when Pregnant
Although obesity in pregnant women has various adverse effects on pregnancy, it does not mean pregnant women should not experience weight gain at all.
For pregnant women who previously have overweight, it is advisable to maintain an increase in body weight of 7-11 kg during pregnancy.
Maintaining weight, such as by regular exercise, is one way that pregnant women can do to reduce the risk of being adversely affected by obesity during pregnancy. Some types of sports that are recommended for pregnant women are yoga, relaxing walks, pregnancy exercises, and swimming.
In addition to regular exercise, pregnant women must also pay attention to food consumed, because the nutritional intake of pregnant women is very influential on the development of the fetus.
Pregnant women should know the types of foods that need to be consumed and the types of foods that should be avoided. In addition, to meet nutritional needs during pregnancy, pregnant women are also advised to take pregnancy supplements.
Consult further with your obstetrician if you are obese while pregnant. Your doctor will determine the right way to reduce the risk of being affected by obesity, according to your health conditions. Avoid doing your own weight loss program or diet without advice and monitoring from a doctor.