Diaper rash is an irritation to the baby’s skin in a diaper covered area. The causes can vary, but generally because of the use of diapers that are too long and tight, or because of infection. But Mother does not need to panic, because there are easy ways to overcome them.
Diaper rash is a common condition in babies. This condition is usually characterized by reddish spots, dry skin and blisters, and blisters on the buttocks, thighs, and genitals.
Another sign is the baby looks in pain and his skin feels warm to the touch. This condition certainly makes the baby uncomfortable and become fussy.
Causes of Diaper Rash
Diaper rash is quite common in newborns and toddlers who still use diapers. There are several things that can cause a baby to experience a main rash, namely:
1. Damp diapers
Diapers that are rarely replaced can increase the risk of a baby getting diaper rash. You need to know, urine mixed with feces in diapers can cause bacterial infections and irritation to the baby’s skin. This is why babies with diapers that are already damp but are rarely replaced are prone to diaper rash.
2. Diapers are too tight
Diapers that are too tight can rub against baby’s skin. This can cause irritation, rashes or blisters on the skin that is still soft and thin.
3. New food
At the age of 4-6 months, babies have started to get complementary foods in the form of solid food intake. Well, some types of food, such as fruits that are acidic, can affect baby’s feces so that it is easy to irritate the skin in the buttocks area and cause a rash.
If before that age the baby has a diaper rash, even though he only consumes breast milk or formula, the probable cause is food consumed by the mother.
4. Bacterial and fungal infections
The buttocks, thighs, and genitals that are often in contact with diapers have moist and warm conditions. This makes it easy for the skin in the area vulnerable to bacterial or fungal infections.
5. Irritation of baby hygiene products
The use of skin care products, such as soap, powder, wet tissue, or oil, in the diaper area may also irritate the baby’s skin.
6. Sensitive skin
Babies who suffer from skin problems, such as eczema or atopic dermatitis, will be more prone to diaper rash.
7. Take antibiotics
No matter the bad or good bacteria, both can be eradicated by antibiotics. Now, when babies are given this drug, good bacteria on the skin that can prevent the growth of fungi can also die. As a result, babies can experience diaper rash due to fungal infections.
Nursing mothers who take antibiotics also make babies who are breastfed more at risk for diaper rash.
How to deal with diaper rash
The most important treatment for diaper rash is to keep baby’s skin clean and dry. Here are some care steps you can take at home if your child has a diaper rash:
- Wash your hands thoroughly before changing your baby’s diapers.
- Change your Little Diaper immediately when it is wet or exposed to feces.
- Clean the area covered by diapers with clean water. If necessary, also use baby soap to help cleanse Little’s skin after he defecated. If you want to use a wet tissue, choose one that is free of alcohol and fragrance.
- Dry the diaper covered area with a soft cloth.
- Apply a moisturizing cream or ointment containing zinc oxide to the area affected by the diaper rash. This cream or ointment can be purchased without a doctor’s prescription.
- Wait for the cream or ointment to dry, then put on a clean Little Diaper.
If after handling the diaper rash that doesn’t heal within 2-3 days or it gets worse, you need to take your child to the doctor. Your doctor may prescribe corticosteroid creams, antifungal ointments, or antibiotics, depending on the cause.
To speed up the healing of diaper rash, you can take the following treatments for your child:
- Do not rub the skin that is blister.
- Stop using diapers for a while. This can make the diaper rash area dry, thereby speeding healing.
- Choose diapers with a size larger than usual.
Generally, diaper rash takes a few days to heal. If the diaper rash has not improved even though it has been smeared with medication from a doctor, you need to take your child to a dermatologist so that it can be treated further.