Bubonic plague, also called plague or plague, is an infection caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. These bacteria can be spread through intermediary lice and live as parasites on animals around us, such as mice.
If you have sudden chills and fever, and have enlarged lymph nodes, and there are blackened patches on the skin, try to see a doctor. Because it can be a sign of bubonic plague.
There are 3 main types of bubonic plague or plague, namely bubonic plague, pneumonic plague, and septicemic plague. Swollen lymph nodes are a typical symptom of the type of bubonic plague. Type of pneumonic plague occurs when an infection affects the lung organs, whereas septicemic plague occurs when bacteria multiply in the patient’s blood.
The treatment of bubonic plague must be done as soon as possible. If not, it can cause severe complications, even death.
Transmission of Yersinia Pestis to Humans
Although Yersinia pestis is found in animals, bubonic plague can be transmitted to humans. One way of transmission is through rat flea bites or direct contact with the tissues or body fluids of animals affected by PES.
Rats, dogs, squirrels, guinea pigs, deer, rabbits, camels, and sheep are animals that act as intermediaries. Meanwhile, the most frequent intermediary outbreaks are fleas that usually occur in mice.
The bacteria that causes bubonic plague will grow and develop in the throat lice. When the lice bite the skin of animals or humans and suck blood from the host’s body, then that’s when the bacteria out of the louse esophagus and into the skin. Furthermore, the bacteria will attack the lymph nodes to cause this part to become inflamed. From here, bubonic plague can spread to other organs of the body. In fact, it can get to the lining of the brain, although this rarely happens.
Get to know the type of PES disease
After the body is contaminated with bacteria, the symptoms of bubonic plague usually appear within 1 to 7 days (an average of 3 days). Here are the three main types of bubonic plague and their symptoms:
This is a type of bubonic plague that affects the lymph nodes. In addition to swollen lymph nodes, other symptoms that accompany it are fever, chills, fatigue, muscle aches, and headaches. Swollen lymph nodes can occur in the armpits, groin, or other areas. This swelling can be accompanied by pus formation in inflamed lymph nodes.
PES infection that attacks the lungs. Symptoms can include coughing, fever, and difficulty breathing. This type is the most dangerous. If not handled immediately, it can threaten the safety of life.
PES infection that occurs in the blood. The symptoms are fever, chills, diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pain. Even sometimes accompanied by bleeding through the nose, mouth and anus. In this type of bubonic plague, the infection can spread to various parts of the body, such as the feet and hands, causing black spots due to the death of body tissue in that part.
How to Avoid PES
So as not to be affected by bubonic plague, there are several ways you can do to avoid it, namely:
Wash your hands regularly
Maintain distance from infected animals or humans
Watch out for sick or dead animals
Keep mice away from home
Wash your hands regularly using soap and water in an effort to maintain health. Do this especially when before and after cooking or serving food, after going to the toilet, and after coming into contact with animals. This method will make you avoid various diseases, including bubonic plague.
When there are people or animals infected with the disease, especially pneumonia, try to keep a distance, at least until the person or animal is treated by a doctor. A safe distance is one meter from people or animals affected by the disease.
You are advised to avoid animals that are sick or dead. If you have to handle it, make sure you use a mask, gloves and glasses, so as not to be infected with bubonic plague that may be present in these animals.
Clean your house from mice and make sure the floor or items in the house are not contaminated by mice. Rats are intermediate animals for plague into the home.
Do not get to your home or neighborhood where there are fleas. Lice that bite sick animals or fleas that can directly bite your skin, are very likely to make you contract plague. Use a mosquito repellent to repel fleas or apply anti-mosquito repellent on your skin to avoid being bitten by insects, including fleas.
PES intermediaries are very easy to find around us, including animals that we keep. Therefore, take precautions as mentioned above, so as not to get this disease. If infected with PES, treatment using antibiotics according to a doctor’s prescription must be done immediately, to avoid dangerous complications.