Soil pollution sounds like something that is not in direct contact with daily life. In fact, soil is the main media where vegetables and fruit are consumed every day.
Although the issue of land pollution is not as popular as air pollution, the fact is that land pollution must still be watched out for. Not only damaging the environmental ecosystem, soil pollution can also have a negative impact on human health.
Various Causes of Soil Pollution
Various activities carried out by humans can cause soil pollution or soil pollution. For example the use of pesticides in vegetable, fruit or other plants.
Besides pesticides, soil pollution can also be caused by:
- Chemical spills accidentally
- Waste disposal
- Oil refinery drilling
- Illegal waste disposal
- Nuclear waste
- Mining practices
- Waste of oil and fuel
- Coal ash is widely used for industrial combustion
- Ammo stockpiles and equipment of war
- Agricultural practices use chemicals such as fertilizers and herbicides
- Infiltration of contaminated water at the soil surface
- Electronic waste
- Human waste, containing many pollutants such as pesticides and heavy metals.
Don’t think of the soil pollution crumbs around you. This soil pollution sooner or later has an impact on humans, ranging from groundwater contamination, direct contact with contaminated soil, as well as air or odors that evaporate from polluting chemicals and are inhaled by humans. How severe the impact of soil pollution depends on the type of chemical that pollutes, the intensity, and the health condition of the surrounding population.
Bad Impact of Soil Pollution on Health
In the long run, soil pollution can have a negative impact on health, such as:
- Exposure to benzene in high concentrations is often associated with an increased risk of leukemia and other blood cell cancers.
- Soil pollution caused by mercury can trigger kidney damage, nerve damage, heart disease, and damage to immune function.
- Lead exposure to contaminated soil adversely affects the health of several organs of the body, such as the liver, kidneys, spleen, and lungs.
- Soil pollution caused by arsenic in the long run can increase the risk of diabetes, lung, cardiovascular, and skin cancer.
- Long-term exposure to pesticides and herbicides can increase the risk of cancer and nervous system or hormone problems.
In very high levels of exposure, soil pollution can even cause death. Chemical poisoning from soil pollutants such as lead can accumulate in the body for months and years. Even though the accumulation of this material in the slightest amount in the body can cause serious health problems. In children under 6 years, lead deposits can interfere with the development of mental and physical health.
In the case of soil pollution that causes water pollution, boiling water is not a solution. For example, lead polluted ground water, if boiled, will cause lead concentrations to increase. If you are worried that your food is at high risk of soil pollution, you can choose to buy organic vegetables and fruits that generally use natural fertilizers and not use pesticides.
To minimize soil pollution, it is advisable to maintain the cleanliness of the surrounding environment properly. If symptoms of health problems arise, you should immediately consult a doctor.