Adrenaline or also known as epinephrine is a stress hormone produced by the adrenal glands and the nerves of the brain. This hormone can make the heart beat faster, strengthen the strength of heart contractions, and open the bronchioles (air sacs) in the lungs.
The release of the hormone adrenaline can be triggered by several things, such as fear, panic, stress, or feeling threatened. Usually when the body releases this hormone, you will sweat, heart palpitations, breathe faster, inhibit insulin production, and increase the supply of energy in the body.
Use of Adrenaline for Treatment
Besides being produced by the adrenal glands naturally, the adrenaline hormone can also be entered into the body through various methods as a treatment. One of them by injecting it into a vein. The objectives are also varied, such as:
- Overcoming severe heart problems, for example in cardiogenic shock and sudden cardiac arrest.
- Relieves anaphylactic reactions, which are severe allergic reactions that can cause death.
- Smooth breathing for asthmatics.
- As a treatment for severe infections or sepsis.
Although it is often used as a treatment in emergency conditions, adrenaline has several side effects, namely body sweating, anxiety, headaches, fainting, dizzy vision, palpitations, and increased blood pressure.
Relationship between Adrenalin and Stress
When you are stressed, the adrenal glands will produce large amounts of the hormone adrenaline and cortisol, with the aim of increasing glucose levels in the blood and increasing the use of glucose by the brain. The release of excess cortisol hormone will also reduce the performance of several body organs, such as the digestive system, reproductive system, and growth process. Not only that, the immune system and the part of the brain that controls mood, fear, motivation, and the sleep cycle will also be affected by the work of these two hormones.
Usually the decrease in performance of some of these organs is only temporary. However, if you experience stress for a long period of time, it is advisable to consult a doctor before the condition causes health problems.
Then, What If the Stress Experienced Prolonged?
Stress in the short term can be your impetus for solving tasks or problems, and is not a bad thing for health. This type of stress will usually disappear after the stress trigger is resolved.
But if you experience protracted stress, your health can be threatened by the continuous production of the hormone adrenaline. This hormone can interfere with almost all processes in the body. Disorders that can be experienced when stress is prolonged namely digestive disorders, sleep disorders, depression, weight gain, anxiety, increased risk of heart disease, and decreased concentration and memory.
Everyone reacts differently to pressures from his environment. This is because the reaction to stress is influenced by genetic factors and life experiences. Each person has a stress control gene with a different threshold, which determines the reasonableness of the reaction when dealing with stress. In addition to genetic influences, a person can be more easily stressed if he has a trauma in the past. For example if you have been abandoned, persecuted, become a victim of crime, or have an accident.
Some Ways to Reduce Stress
Stress can be reduced by undergoing good stress management. Some ways to reduce stress are by having a good social relationship with friends and family, doing regular exercise, maintaining a healthy eating pattern, multiplying activities that are fun or in accordance with a hobby, and regularly doing meditation or other relaxation techniques. Enough sleep is also important. If necessary, do counseling with experts about the stress problem that you are experiencing.
In certain conditions, adrenaline is needed by the body to achieve a stable condition. But if excessive, the hormones that appear during stress can interfere with health. As much as possible, keep your hormonal balance by leading a healthy life and having good self-control over stress.