Hemorrhoids are dilation and inflammation of veins located around the anus and lower rectum. If the condition has caused protrusion out of the anal canal, then called external hemorrhoids.
External hemorrhoids have a variety of symptoms that vary, depending on how severe the disease is suffered. Some common symptoms that are commonly felt include lumps in the anal area, itching and pain around the anus, and blood in the stool.
Treatment for External Hemorrhoids at Home
The severity of hemorrhoids can get worse. To relieve symptoms and prevent hemorrhoids from developing at a serious rate, the following actions can be taken:
Eat lots of fiber and liquid
Do not delay the desire to defecate
Soak in warm water
Apply the medicine
Stick ice and sit in a soft place
Do not push too hard when defecating
Stop blood clotting
Sufficient fluid and fiber can make stool softer, thereby reducing pressure on hemorrhoids. If necessary, add fiber supplements so that bleeding, inflammation, and enlarged hemorrhoids do not get worse. It can also reduce irritation caused by the remains of feces trapped around blood vessels. If consumption of fiber causes flatulence, then consume fiber with an increased amount slowly. Whole grains, broccoli, legumes, and fresh fruits are various foods that contain lots of fiber.
Delaying the desire to defecate on the grounds of waiting for a comfortable time, can be dangerous, especially for hemorrhoid sufferers. This can make the stools gather more and more, thereby increasing the pressure and stress on the hemorrhoids. Therefore, regular bowel movements can alleviate the condition of hemorrhoids sufferers.
Soaking your buttocks and hips using warm water can help relieve hemorrhoid complaints, by reducing itching, irritation, and anal muscle spasms. It’s easy, just sit in a bathtub filled with warm water to the waist. Do this for 20 minutes after defecation, 2-3 times a day. Don’t forget, gently dry the anal area afterwards.
Doing regular exercise for at least 20-30 minutes every day can also be positive for hemorrhoid sufferers. Exercising can help stimulate bowel movements so that the stool more easily comes out. The recommended type of exercise is aerobic exercise, for example brisk walking.
For patients with external hemorrhoids or external hemorrhoids, applying pain relievers in the form of a cream can help ease pain. For the purpose of relieving pain, creams used are usually those containing local anesthesia. Creams containing hydrocortisone are also effective in relieving pain and inflammation. However, the use of hydrocortisone cream should be no more than 7 days, because it can cause thinning of the skin.
To relieve pain and swelling in hemorrhoids, sticking ice wrapped in cloth in the anal area can also be done. In addition, sitting on a soft surface, for example on a pillow, can help reduce hemorrhoids swelling. Sitting in a soft place can also prevent the formation of new hemorrhoids.
Excessive tension and pressure can cause bleeding and pain in hemorrhoids. This is usually caused by straining too hard when defecating. Other conditions that usually make a person push and increase pressure in the abdominal cavity are lifting objects that are too heavy, coughing, or being pregnant. So that hemorrhoids do not worsen, the things that cause stiffening of hemorrhoids must be reduced or eliminated.
The excruciating pain due to external hemorrhoids can be even worse when blood clots form. These blood clots can be removed by injecting blood clot-destroying medications in hemorrhoids or sclerotherapy, administering topical medications, or by hemorrhoidal surgery.
Visiting a doctor to treat external hemorrhoids is also mandatory if there is bleeding in the anus. When bleeding in the anus is accompanied by dizziness or fainting, be sure to get medical help immediately, to prevent a worse condition.